"Automatic" mutual recognition
Within the EU, mutual recognition of veterinary diplomas has been
established by law. This means that EU citizens, who have obtained
their degree and the right to practice in their country of residence,
may also practice in other Member states without the need for any
exams. At the basis of this "automatic" mutual recognition lies
the Directive 2013/55/EC amending the Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications and Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 on administrative cooperation through the Internal Market Information System (IMI) on the recognition of professional qualifications.
This Directives provides a listing of the subjects that have to
be taught within the veterinary curriculum, however member countries
are left to define how these subjects should be implemented into
Trends: more students, differentiation and feminisation
Veterinary degree programs within the European veterinary schools
usually takes five to six years for completion. With curricula intensifying
and a growing need for more extended practical training the time
for completion is now tending to be longer.
The available knowledge and techniques in the veterinary field
are increasing rapidly, and many schools are now considering or
have incorporated a differentiation (tracking) of their veterinary
degree. Tracking provides a means for students to concentrate on
certain areas of veterinary medicine, while others are studied to
a lesser extent.
All over Europe, there are growing number of women entering veterinary
school and they now represent 70% to 90% of the new graduates. A
negative perceived by some is that women appear to favor a choice
for veterinary careers with companion animals or horses and there
is a growing perception of a need to compensate for shortages developing
in other critical areas.
The overall number of young veterinary graduates in Europe is also
rising rapidly. The student uptake has increased and many
new schools have been established in recent years. A possible saturation,
even overpopulation of the professional market has lead to an increased
competition between veterinarians, but this has also favored the
diversification and specialization of the profession.